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Don’t Underestimate Headache!

Headache could lead to one of serious neurological diseases, such as stroke, brain tumor, or cerebrovascular abnormalities, and brain infection.

In general headaches can be classified into two types, primary headache and secondary headache. Primary headache is a headache that appears due to the response of stress (either physically or psychologically). Primary headache itself is divided into three types, Tension Headache, Migraine, and Cluster Headache.

Tension Headache is the most complained headache by patients with the symptoms as pain in the both sides of the head and sometimes the pain spread to the neck. Usually this type of headache is caused by stress, lack of sleep, tiredness or stiffed muscles.

While migraine is a throbbing headache in one side of the head, that usually lasts for a couple of hours. Migraine patients will get sensitive to light, voice, and smell.

Cluster Headache is a headache in the area around the eyes or in behind them. It feels like being pin-pricked and is usually accompanied by other symptoms, such as nasal congestion, watery and red eyes in one of the sore eyes. This type is commonly suffered by men.

Secondary headache is a headache that is accompanied by neurorological disruption symptoms, such as seizure, crossed eyes, double vision and weakness in one of the motion organs. Secondary headache can be caused by pathological abnormalities in the brain. These abnormalities are brain tumor, stroke, thrombosis, heavy hypertension (malign), brain infection (meningitis, encephalitis, abscess) or brain’s vessel abnormalities, such as aneurysm and AVM (Artiriovenous Malformation). This headache must be look out for and needs medical treatment immediately.

If the headache is accompanied by the following conditions, such as hypertension, heart disease, stroke diabetes and severe headache, please immediately consult this condition to a doctor.

Beware when experience these symptoms below:

  • Severe and sudden headache
  • Rapid heavy headache
  • Headache is accompanied by the decrease of the ability of thinking and concentrating
  • Unconsciousness
  • Changes in speech ability
  • Experiencing weakness, numbness or disability of walking also visual disturbance
  • Pain  and stiffness in neck
  • Great headache, feels like everything is upside down or intends to collapse
  • Headache after a bump
  • Headache with cold (temperature is higher than 38°C)

The treatment to treat headache is by applying pain management with pharmacotherapy (using medicines), physiotherapy and psychotherapy. However if the symptoms show the possibility of secondary headache, then it is better to conduct screening process with MRI or CT Scan to see the possibility of abnormalities in the brain.